World Heritage Surveying

Aibotix surveys UNESCO World Heritage in Mexiko.

UAV Surveying World Heritage in Mexico

The Mexican company SkyBótica and Aibotix have created detailed 3D models of the library and stadium of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). The point clouds with a resolution of up to 5 mm are based on geo-referenced, high resolution aerial images, generated with the Aibot X6 UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle).

The library, whose facade is decorated with large mosaics done by several artists including the famous Mexican painter and architect Juan O'Gorman, and the Olympic University Stadium (Estadio Olímpico Universitario), home of the UNAM Pumas, belong to the Central University City Campus of UNAM, part of UNESCO World Heritage since 2007.

Equipped with a digital camera, the Aibot X6 hexacopter generated in two flights, high-resolution, geo-referenced images of the outer skin of the library. The mission ensured a sufficient image overlap, and the necessary capture angles with absolute stability – even with the inherent wind turbulence caused by the structure itself. "The Aibot X6 enables us to generate high-resolution photos from the best perspectives with little time and effort," explains Jörg Lamprecht, Managing Director at Aibotix. During the flight, both vertical (nadir) and horizontal (oblique) images were taken. The data collected in this way was then processed further with the photogrammetry software Agisoft PhotoScan into a point cloud, a 3D model and an orthophoto, all with a resolution of up to 5 mm. “With the photos you also get a full documentation of the actual state of the building," says Lamprecht.

Apart from the library, the stadium of the university was also photographed from the air. The subsequently created orthophoto and 3D model can now be measured anywhere on the computer.

Technical Details

  • Camera: Nikon Coolpix A
  • Sensor resolution: 16.0 Megapixel (23.6 mm x 15.6 mm)
  • Flight height: Library: distance about 20 - 30 m, Stadium: 100 m nadir and oblique from 60 m and 20 m
  • Image Overlap: about 60% in all directions (left, right, front, back)
  • Ground resolution: 0.5 cm - 2 cm
Data Processing
  • Synchronisation of the GPS information with the images shot by Aerial Image Manager for a fast post-processing
  • Further processing with photogrammetry software Agisoft PhotoScan

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